ArchaeoCafé Podcast – Episode 2-18 – Minimally invasive archaeology: An interview with Bonnie Glencross, Gary Warrick, and Louis Lesage

hosted by Otis Crandell

In this episode I talk with Bonnie Glencross, Gary Warrick, and Louis Lesage about minimally invasive strategies in archaeology and their work on the Tay Point Archaeology project.

Listen to this episode online:



Some useful terminology and links

Tay Point Archaeology project
Tay Point is a peninsula in Penetanguishene, Ontario, Canada about 25 km2 in size, which contains the archaeological remains of at least six Huron-Wendat villages believed to represent the movements of a single community over a 250 year period (1400-1650 C.E.). The project has two main research objectives: (1) to investigate the sustainability of Huron-Wendat ecology through sustained European contact; (2) to advance minimally invasive methodology in Huron-Wendat archaeology.

Wendat or Wyandot people
A confederacy of Iroquoian-speaking nations who lived north of Lake Ontario in the 17th century.

Cultural Resource Management (CRM)
Also known as “contract archaeology” or “commercial archaeology”. The management of historic places of archaeological, architectural, and historical interests, considering such places in compliance with environmental and historic preservation laws

Archaeology in Ontario
Archaeology and conservation of cultural resources in Ontario fall under the Ministry of Heritage, Sport, Tourism and Culture Industries. The Province of Ontario has created Acts to insure the protection of archaeological and cultural resources. Acts such as the Ontario Heritage Act and Environmental Assessment Act provide the major legal documents that protect heritage and cultural resources. Additionally, Acts such as the Planning Act, the Aggregate Resource Act and the Ontario Cemeteries Act are also implemented when specific triggers occur during archaeological assessments.

Ontario Heritage Act
An act which allows municipalities and the provincial government to designate individual properties and districts in Ontario as being of cultural heritage value or interest.

Environmental Assessment Act (Ontario)
Provides for the protection, conservation, and wise management of Ontario’s environment.

Planning Act (Ontario)
Regards (among other things) the conservation of features of significant architectural, cultural, historical, archaeological or scientific interest.

Ontario Heritage Trust
A non-profit agency of the Ontario Ministry of Tourism and Culture responsible for protecting, preserving and promoting the built, natural and cultural heritage of Ontario.


Selected reading

Minimally Invasive Research Strategies in Huron-Wendat Archaeology: Working toward a Sustainable Archaeology
by Bonnie Glencross, Gary Warrick, Edward Eastaugh, Alicia Hawkins, Lisa Hodgetts, and Louis Lesage
Advances in Archaeological Practice, 2017, Vol. 5(2), p. 147-158

The Importance of Minimally Invasive Remote Sensing Methods in Huron-Wendat Archaeology
by Gary Warrick, Bonnie Glencross, and Louis Lesage
Advances in Archaeological Practice, 2021, Vol. 9(3), p. 238-249.

New insights from old dog bones: Dogs as proxies for understanding ancient human diets
by Bonnie Glencross, Louis Lesage, Tracy Prowse, Taylor Smith, and Gary Warrick
in the book “Working with and for Ancestors”, p. 190-201
published by Routledge in 2020

Huron-Wendat Archaeological Heritage: Building Relationships Towards Collaboration
by Alicia L Hawkins and Louis Lesage
História: Questões & Debates, 2018, Vol. 66(2), p. 111-138


About Bonnie Glencross

Dr. Glencross is an assistant professor and chair of the Department of Archaeology and Heritage Studies at Wilfrid Laurier University. Her research focuses on bioarchaeology, human skeletal anatomy and biology, and paleopathology. She co-founded the Tay Point Archaeology project in 2014.



About Gary Warrick

Dr. Warrick is an emeritus professor at the Department of Archaeology and Heritage Studies, the Indigenous Studies program, and the History program at Wilfrid Laurier University. His main research areas are Huron-Wendat archaeology and Indigenous archaeology. He co-founded the Tay Point Archaeology project in 2014. Dr. Warrick was previously the president of the Canadian Archaeological Association.



About Louis Lesage

Dr. Lesage is the director of the Bureau du Nionwentsïo of the Huron-Wendat Nation in Wendake, Quebec, Canada. His original field of study is wildlife biology, in which he has published numerous articles. His current work focuses on protecting and making known the rights and heritage of the Huron-Wendat. He has been involved in many consultation projects, largely in southern Ontario, to document the archaeological sites and make sure that the work on them is done properly. He has worked with various universities and archaeologists to establish collaborations and involvement between archaeologists and First Nations representatives.





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